07.10.2019.

Situation Analysis of Environment, Communal Infrastructure and Natural Resources Management in the Federation of BiH - Workshop for the Creation of the Development Strategy of the Federation of BiH 2021 – 2027

Sarajevo, October 07, 2019 -  Today, during the eleventh workshop related to the creation of the Federation of BiH Development Strategy 2021 - 2027, the state of the environment, communal infrastructure and natural resources management were discussed. The integrated Development Strategy will set out the key guidelines for socio - economic progress that will result in a better life of the citizens of the Federation. The key coordinator of the process of drafting the Strategy is the Federal Institute for Development Programming, with the support of the Government of the Federation of BiH.

The environment is of great importance for human health, economic development and competitiveness of the country. However, pollution, climate change, lack of resources, destruction of ecosystems, can threat economic growth as well as life on the planet. The state of the environment in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the Federation, has been conditioned by economic, social and technological developments.

Protection of the environment is one of the key problems in the Federation of BiH. Large areas of land are contaminated with mines, waste is mostly disposed without recycling, forest management is poor with thousands of hectares of deforestation. Still, in the long run, economic activity must limitate pollution, thus linked to renewable resources.

Some of the important factors of environment destruction are disbalanced urban and rural development, poverty. Urban areas are increasing, ie the trend of population concentration is continuing. Illegal construction is a major problem, which is primarily due to the lack of planning and control mechanisms for construction. The negative impact of poverty and poor economic condition on the environment is reflected in inadequate wastewater treatment, poor waste management, air pollution from traffic and industrial plants with outdated technological processes, uncontrolled logging of firewood,... 

One of the positive developments in the field of environment is process of accession of BiH to EU membership, which has contributed to the prioritization and improvement of positive environmental policy. Sustainable use and management of natural resources is one of the basic preconditions for increasing the competitiveness of economy over the long term, as well as the higher living standard for its citizens.

Professors Kasim Tatić and Murčo Obućina were workshop's moderators, during wich problems, potancials and challenges in the area were discuessed, and the solutions for the situation improvement suggested.

FBiH in numbers

Indicator 2014 2013 2012 2011
Unemployment rate - poll 29,5 28,6 28,3 25,6
Unemployment rate - administrative 48,5 48,2 48,1 45,0
GDP in mil. KM 16.150 15.150 15.250 16.850
Inflation in % 2,0 2,5 3,6 1,2
The most developed canton in FBiH KS KS ZHK ZDK
Average net wage in FBiH 825 820 819 798
Natural increase in FBiH -580 150 -208 -350

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